Introduction to law and judicial process

Professional Development Exercises :

Describe the kinds of evidence that a plaintiff can present in order to establish a negligent act. What defenses can a defendant present in order to refute a plaintiff’s evidence?
How do statutes of limitations protect professional nurse-defendants? Do they also protect the injured parties?
What can staff nurses do to protect patients from quasi-intentional torts? Does this differ from the nurse manager’s role in preventing quasi-intentional torts?
Read the case study presented at the end of Chapter 5 (Guido, p. 67).
Does the failure to document an admission nursing assessment equate with the fact that this nurse did no admission nursing assessment?
What might the patient’s attorney further allege in his supplemental report?
How would one decide the standard of care for this patient?
How would you decide the outcome of this case?
Read the case study presented at the end of Chapter 6 (Guido, p. 96)
Was there negligence in this case and who should be liable for the negligence?
What type of damages should be assessed and how would you begin to determine the amount to assess?
Given that there were multiple individuals involved in this case as well as the institution that employed these individuals, how would you determine the percentage of liability for the multiple defendants, assuming that more than one defendant should be assessed with damages?
How would you decide this case?
Read the case study presented at the end of Chapter 7(Guido, p. 115)
Were there damages that should be paid to this patient for negligence?
Who should be the individuals responsible for these damages? For example, is the surgeon the individual most liable for the damages owed to the patient?
Should the Bovie manufacturer also have been included in the lawsuit?
Are there any defenses that the defendants could cite that would mitigate their liability to this patient?
How should the court decide the damage awards in this instance?

Please combine all of these responses into a single Microsoft Word document for submission
Please submit only complete assignments (not partial or “draft” assignments).
Submit only the assignments corresponding to the module in this section.
You are not required to adhere to the 500-1000 word count for each of the responses, but please be thorough in your responses so that you adequately address all aspects of each question.

Read the case study presented at the end of Chapter 5 (Guido, p. 67)

YOU BE THE JUDGE The patient was admitted to the postpartum unit at 5:30 p.m. At the postanesthesia care unit where she previously had been, she showed signs of blood loss including low blood pressure and tachycardia. It would later be discovered that one of her uterine arteries had accidentally been cut as the surgeon was performing a planned cesarean section. The surgeon failed to notice the severed artery before he closed the incision and sent the patient to the postanesthesia care unit. The nurse who admitted the patient on the postpartum unit documented no admission nursing assessment or vital signs for the patient, who was obviously having serious problems at that time. The first note on the chart was one made at 5:45 p.m. by the emergency center physician after he was summoned to the patient’s bedside by the postpartum nurse. At trial, the nursing expert for the patient testified that the postpartum nurse fell below the acceptable standard of care when she failed to document an admission nursing assessment including vital signs upon assuming the patient’s care when the patient arrived on the unit. The defense attorney argued that given that the nurse took prompt action to summon the emergency center physician to the bedside, it is immaterial how the nurse’s failure to provide contemporaneous documentation had any effect on the patient’s outcome. The patient’s attorney was given 30 days to file a supplemental report from their nursing expert. QUESTIONS 1. Does the failure to document an admission nursing assessment equate with the fact that this nurse did no admission nursing assessment? 2. What might the patient’s attorney further allege in his supplemental report? 3. How would one decide the standard of care for this patient? 4. How would you decide the outcome of this case?

Guido, Ginny Wacker, JD, MSN, RN. Legal and Ethical Issues in Nursing (Legal Issues in Nursing ( Guido)) (p. 66). Pearson Education. Kindle Edition.

Read the case study presented at the end of Chapter 6 (Guido, p. 96

YOU BE THE JUDGE Immediately after a laparoscopic bilateral hernia repair, the surgeon ordered an in-and-out urinary catheterization to drain urine from the bladder and to confirm that there was no blood in the patient’s urine, which would be indicative of a possible bladder injury during the surgical procedure. The surgeon then left the operating arena. A registered nurse subsequently inserted a Foley catheter with an inflatable retention bulb rather than an in-and-out (straight) catheter. She then had a second nurse inflate the bulb while the catheter was still in the patient’s urethra. This inflation of the catheter bulb while in the patient’s urethra caused a tear in the urethra, requiring a second unsuccessful catheterization by the attending surgeon, and an eventual abdominal catheterization of the patient’s bladder by a urologist. The patient subsequently sued the two nurses, the attending surgeon, and the acute care setting for negligence. QUESTIONS 1. Was there negligence in this case and who should be liable for the negligence? 2. What type of damages should be assessed and how would you begin to determine the amount to assess? 3. Given that there were multiple individuals involved in this case as well as the institution that employed these individuals, how would you determine the percentage of liability for the multiple defendants, assuming that more than one defendant should be assessed with damages? 4. How would you decide this case?

Read the case study presented at the end of Chapter 7(Guido, p. 115

YOU BE THE JUDGE The patient was in surgery to remove moles from her back and left eyebrow. She was lightly sedated and was receiving oxygen. When the surgeon activated the Bovie instrument to remove the mole near her eyebrow, the spark caused a flash fire that was augmented by the supplemental oxygen that the patient was receiving. The surgical team responded immediately and the fire was quickly extinguished. The patient, however, incurred seconddegree burns to the left side of her face, leaving permanent scars and reducing her vision in the left eye. She filed a lawsuit for negligence and fraudulent concealment against the surgeon, nurse anesthetist, and hospital. The initial trial court found in favor of the plaintiff, awarding damages for malpractice and an additional $425,000 in damages for fraudulently concealing facts about the incident from the patient. At the appellate level, the defendants argued that there was no concealment of the incident in that they did what was required of them; namely that they informed the patient that there had been a fire, detailed the injuries that were caused by the fire, and recommended appropriate treatment options to her. QUESTIONS 1. Were there damages that should be paid to this patient for negligence? 2. Who should be the individuals responsible for these damages? For example, is the surgeon the individual most liable for the damages owed to the patient? 3. Should the Bovie manufacturer also have been included in the lawsuit? 4. Are there any defenses that the defendants could cite that would mitigate their liability to this patient? 5. How should the court decide the damage awards in this instance?

Guido, Ginny Wacker, JD, MSN, RN. Legal and Ethical Issues in Nursing (Legal Issues in Nursing ( Guido)) (p. 115). Pearson Education. Kindle Edition.

 

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