# 25 QUESTIONS ON FINANCE (FINAL EXAM LEVEL)

QUESTIONS :

1. Problem 19-4 Stock Splits and Stock Dividends
Roll Corporation (RC) currently has 330,000 shares of stock outstanding that sell for \$64 per share. Assuming no market imperfections or tax effects exist, what will the share price be after:

a. RC has a five-for-three stock split? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your final answer to 2 decimal places. (e.g., 32.16))

New share price \$

b. RC has a 15 percent stock dividend? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your final answer to 2 decimal places. (e.g., 32.16))

New share price \$

c. RC has a 42.5 percent stock dividend? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your final answer to 2 decimal places. (e.g., 32.16))

New share price \$

d. RC has a four-for-seven reverse stock split? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your final answer to 2 decimal places. (e.g., 32.16))

New share price \$

e. Determine the new number of shares outstanding in parts (a) through (d). (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your answers to the nearest whole number. (e.g., 32))

a.  New shares outstanding

b.  New shares outstanding

c.  New shares outstanding

d.  New shares outstanding

2. Problem 19-16 Dividend Smoothing
The Sharpe Co. just paid a dividend of \$1.80 per share of stock. Its target payout ratio is 40 percent. The company expects to have an earnings per share of \$4.95 one year from now.

a. If the adjustment rate is .3 as defined in the Lintner model, what is the dividend one year from now? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your final answer to 2 decimal places. (e.g., 32.16))

Dividend \$

b. If the adjustment rate is .6 instead, what is the dividend one year from now? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your final answer to 2 decimal places. (e.g., 32.16))

Dividend \$

c. Which adjustment rate is more conservative?

.6

.3

3. Problem 29-16 Mergers and Shareholder Value
Bentley Corp. and Rolls Manufacturing are considering a merger. The possible states of the economy and each company’s value in that state are shown here:

State       Probability      Bentley     Rolls
Boom  .70      \$ 290,000   \$ 260,000
Recession .30     \$ 110,000   \$ 80,000
________________________________________

Bentley currently has a bond issue outstanding with a face value of \$125,000. Rolls is an all-equity company.

a. What is the value of each company before the merger? (Do not round intermediate calculations.)

Value of Bentley \$

Value of Rolls \$

________________________________________

b. What are the values of each company’s debt and equity before the merger? (Leave no cells blank – be certain to enter “0” wherever required. Do not round intermediate calculations.)

Equity of  Rolls \$

Debt of Rolls

Equity of Bentley \$

Debt of Bentley \$

________________________________________

c. If the companies continue to operate separately, what are the total value of the companies, the total value of the equity, and the total value of the debt? (Do not round intermediate calculations.)

Value of companies \$

Value of equity \$

Value of debt \$

________________________________________

d.1 What would be the value of the merged company? (Do not round intermediate calculations.)
Merged company value \$

d.2 What would be the value of the merged company’s debt and equity? (Do not round intermediate calculations.)

Value of the company
Value of debt \$

Value of equity \$

________________________________________

e-1. How much would shareholders gain or lose in the merger? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Enter a gain as a positive number and a loss as a negative number.)

Shareholders’ gain or loss \$

e-2. How much would bondholders gain or lose in the merger? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Enter a gain as a positive number and a loss as a negative number.)

Bondholders’ gain or loss \$

4. Problem 29-8 EPS, PE, and Mergers
The shareholders of Flannery Company have voted in favor of a buyout offer from Stultz Corporation. Information about each firm is given here:

Flannery   Stultz
Price–earnings ratio   6.35     12.70
Shares outstanding   73,000     146,000
Earnings \$ 230,000   \$ 690,000
________________________________________

Flannery’s shareholders will receive one share of Stultz stock for every three shares they hold in Flannery.

a-1 What will the EPS of Stultz be after the merger? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your final answer to 3 decimal places. (e.g., 32.16))

EPS \$

a-2 What will the PE ratio be if the NPV of the acquisition is zero? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your final answer to 2 decimal places. (e.g., 32.16))

PE

b. What must Stultz feel is the value of the synergy between these two firms? (Do not round intermediate calculations.)

Synergy value \$

5. Problem 19-20 Dividends versus Reinvestment
After completing its capital spending for the year, Carlson Manufacturing has \$1,000 extra cash. Carlson’s managers must choose between investing the cash in Treasury bonds that yield 8 percent or paying the cash out to investors who would invest in the bonds themselves.

a. If the corporate tax rate is 35 percent, what personal tax rate would make the investors equally willing to receive the dividend or to let Carlson invest the money? (Do not round intermediate calculations.)

Personal tax rate
%

b. Is the answer to (a) reasonable?

Yes

No

c. Suppose the only investment choice is a preferred stock that yields 12 percent. The corporate dividend exclusion of 70 percent applies. What personal tax rate will make the stockholders indifferent to the outcome of Carlson’s dividend decision? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your final answer to 2 decimal places. (e.g., 32.16))

Personal tax rate
%

d. Is this a compelling argument for a low dividend payout ratio?

Yes

No

¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬

¬Edie’s Health and Beauty Supply has 125,000 shares of stock outstanding with a par value of \$1 per share and a market value of \$5 a share. The company has retained earnings of \$76,500 and capital in excess of par of \$340,000. The company just announced a 1-for-5 reverse stock split. What will the par value per share be after the split?

\$0.20

\$1.00

\$2.50

\$5.00

\$10.00
On March 1, you contract to take delivery of 1 ounce of gold for \$495. The agreement is good for any day up to April 1. Throughout March, the price of gold hit a low of \$425 and hit a high of \$535. The price settled on March 31 at \$505, and on April 1st you settle your futures agreement at that price. Your net cash flow is:

\$-30.

\$-20.

\$-15.

\$10.

\$20.
You purchased 200 shares of ABC stock on July 15th. On July 20th, you purchased another 100 shares and then on July 22st you purchased your final 200 shares of ABC stock. The company declared a dividend of \$1.10 a share on July 5th to holders of record on Friday, July 23rd. The dividend is payable on July 31st. How much dividend income will you receive on July 31st from ABC?

\$0

\$220

\$330

\$440

\$550
The common stock of Winsson, Inc. is currently priced at \$52.50 a share. One year from now, the stock price is expected to be either \$54 or \$60 a share. The risk-free rate of return is 4%. What is the value of one call option on Winsson stock with an exercise price of \$55?

\$0.39

\$0.41

\$0.45

\$0.48

\$0.51
A manager should attempt to maximize the value of the firm by:

changing the capital structure if and only if the value of the firm increases.

changing the capital structure if and only if the value of the firm increases to the benefit of inside management.

changing the capital structure if and only if the value of the firm increases only to the benefits of the debtholders.

changing the capital structure if and only if the value of the firm increases although it decreases the stockholders’ value.

changing the capital structure if and only if the value of the firm increases and stockholder wealth is constant.
Nelson Company had equity accounts in 2008 as follows:

Projected income is \$150,000 and 40% of this amount will be paid out immediately as dividends. What will the ending retained earnings account be?

\$122,000

\$90,000

\$242,000

\$210,000

\$92,000
The Tip-Top Paving Co. has an equity cost of capital of 16.97%. The debt to value ratio is .6, the tax rate is 34%, and the cost of debt is 11%. What is the cost of equity if Tip-Top was unlevered?

0.08%

3.06%

14.0%

16.97%

None of these.
Which one of the following stocks is correctly priced if the risk-free rate of return is 3.6% and the market rate of return is 10.5%?

C

A

B

E

D
An IPO of a firm formerly financed by venture capital is carried out for what primary purposes?

Insiders can sell their shares or cash out

Generate cash to pay down bank indebtedness

To establish a market value for the equity and provide funds for operations

All of the above.

None of the above.
Your firm is considering leasing a new computer. The lease lasts for 9 years. The lease calls for 10 payments of \$1,000 per year with the first payment occurring immediately. The computer would cost \$7,650 to buy and would be straight-line depreciated to a zero salvage value over 9 years. The actual salvage value is negligible because of technological obsolescence. The firm can borrow at a rate of 8%. The corporate tax rate is 30%.

What is the NPV of the lease relative to the purchase?

-\$1,039.78

\$339.78

\$360.22

\$6,610.22

None of these
A financial institution has equity equal to one-tenth of its assets. If its asset duration is currently equal to its liability duration, then to immunize, the firm needs to:

decrease the duration of its assets.

increase the duration of its assets.

decrease the duration of its liabilities.

do nothing, i.e., keep the duration of its liabilities equal to the duration of its assets.
Given the following information, leverage will add how much value to the unlevered firm per dollar of debt?
Corporate tax rate: 34%
Personal tax rate on…

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